Posted by: patenttranslator | June 3, 2014

How Long Are Translators Willing To Wait To Get Paid?


Many translators would say that they generally agree to a waiting period of 30, 45, or 60 or more days because these are the customary payment terms for translators these days.

But the truth is, there is no such thing as customary payment terms when it comes to translation. How long a translator will generally have to wait depends on the following two factors:

1. the client
2. the translator.

Yesterday, for example, I finished translating a Japanese patent for a brand new client who last week found my website on the Internet and decided to entrust me with a rather long translation of a rather complicated chemical patent (although chemical patents are generally quite simple as far as the sentence structure and general concepts are concerned, the terminology can be very complicated).

Because I could not really ascertain much from the website of this new client except that this was a small company located abroad (in Germany), I asked for a down payment of 50%, the rest on delivery. Judging from the reaction of the client after my translation was received (“Thanks a lot for the excellent work and fast turnaround. Hope to work with you again in the future.”), this particular client had no problem with my immediate payment terms.

Unfortunately, unlike for instance plumbers, hairdressers, or garage door installers who get paid when the job is done, translators often have to wait a long time before the payment finally appears in their mailbox or bank account.

Has there ever been a translator who would dare to ask a translation agency for a retainer corresponding to 50%? I don’t know, maybe a few in the last few decades. Although St. Jerome probably did ask 15 centuries ago Pope Damasus I who commissioned him to provide a definitive translation of the Bible into Latin for a modest retainer followed by payments at regular intervals. After all, even saints have to eat and pay rent.

While it is a common practice to ask a direct customer for a partial or full prepayment, translation agencies will generally frown upon such a request. So far I asked two agencies for full prepayment in 27 years, one was just 40 dollars and one was about 500 dollars. Both paid as I thought they would, because they really needed the translation ASAP, and also because I accept credit card payments, which means that they might have received their payment before the credit card bill became due.

Generally, if I work for a translation agency, I insist on payment within 30 days. Most of the time the agency agrees, although in real life “30 days net” often means 5 or 6 weeks before a check is received.

But not all agencies are alike when it comes to payment terms. Some pay immediately, and some pay within a few days, or twice a month, generally on the first and the fifteenth. Although I mostly work for direct clients at this point, I still work regularly for three agencies that pay really fast and I am eternally grateful to them for the prompt infusion of payment amounts into my dwindling bank account.

If an agency wants me to wait 60 days, or if it agrees to 30 days but then let’s me wait for more than 5 weeks, I will not work for it.

Most patent law firms will also agree to the “30 days net” terms, but some of them will let me wait for the check 6 or 7 weeks. Generally, the smaller firms pay faster, while big corporate behemoths will often take close to two months to pay, regardless of what was agreed to.

One patent law firm in Australia told me that their payment terms were “90 days net” (“90 days net is not unusual here” said an e-mail from the accounting person at the firm when I had the gall to ask them about the missing payment after 30 days. Since this experience, I am suspicious about law firms in Australia).

Patent lawyers who are sole practitioners often pay when the translation is delivered. I assume that they do this because they first request full prepayment of the translation cost from their client and once the service has been provided and they are happy with it, they see no reason to sit on the check.

You can generally tell whether the company will be a good or a terrible client depending on how long they let you wait for the payment. But even if a patent law department of a major corporation lets me wait for 7 weeks before the check finally arrives (although my invoice clearly states “30 days”), I still continue working for such companies.

However, I will generally try to charge them higher rates on a next order, for example by insisting on a rush surcharge even though I would try to charge a non-rush rate for the same amount of words within the same deadline to a law firm that pays me more promptly.


Although I am mostly a translator, I also work as an agent or an agency with about a dozen translators every year, and some of them have been working for me or with me on regular projects for a number of years now.

My payment terms to these translators are “when the client pays or within 30 days, whichever comes first”. If the amount that I owe is relatively small, I generally mail a check to the translators within a few days, whether I am paid first by the client or not. If the amount is large and the balance in my bank account is rather meager, I let them wait full 30 days.

Most of the time I have to pay the translators before I am paid. But I try to pay quickly whenever possible because I know that even a relatively small payment is greatly appreciated by a translator when the payment is received within a few days …. because it is a cool, cruel world out there and most other people will let translators wait for a long time before they are finally reimbursed for their work.

I try to pay translators promptly not because I am such a nice person (opinions on this subject may vary), but because once I get used to a translator, I don’t want to look for somebody else.

And prompt payment is the best way to make sure that when I need these translators, they will find time in their schedule for my project if at all possible.


  1. I have been a CEO in Australia for most of my career, Steve, and I assure you that 90 days net is MOST UNusual in Australia. Knowing that the statement was made by a lawyer, makes it less surprising but quite ironic. Most lawyers here demand a substantial deposit up front and payment within 14 days of the date of their bill.


  2. The statement was made by an account, not a lawyer, via e-mail in response to my inquiry about past-due payment.

    However, before that happened, the lawyer for whom I translated the Japanese patents called me (all the way from Australia) to let me know how pleased he was with my translation and he also said that the firm would from now on use my service instead of the one they were using.

    I was quite happy about that, of course, but that was before I found out about their payment terms.

    They did pay me in 90 days, and I never worked for them again.


  3. I was recently approached by the ‘practice manager’ of an existing client (large Australian legal firm in) who invited me to ‘apply for inclusion in their vendors list’. I patiently explained to him that I was not a vendor, but a ‘professional in private practice’, just like his principals, and that essentially the same principles and professional courtesies apply.

    I seems that larger law firms are setting up commercial management departments to ‘exploit other opportunities’. It seems they have learned from the ‘translation industry’ that there is ‘gold in them dar hills’.


  4. Unfortunately, translators are not really considered to be professionals in private practice.

    And associations of translators are mostly just reinforcing the notion that translators are not on par with other professionals as they are basically run by translation agencies who are looking for obedient and subservient cheap help, definitely not for professionals in private practice.


  5. Well, I am working hard at rectifying this misunderstanding 🙂
    Nobody will if we don’t.


  6. If I’m considering working with a new agency client, I specify my payment terms (30 days from invoice, with payment by bank transfer to my UK account, with no bank charges deducted). If they don’t agree, we don’t work together, simple as that. And if payment is more than a couple of days late, I chase them relentlessly until it’s paid. If it happens regularly, I tell them I’m reluctant to work with them again and I explain why.

    Same goes for rates – if they don’t accept my rates, fair enough, they can find another translator.

    Interestingly, I have one large agency client (I tend to try to avoid them) who was really keen to work with me, but offered not that great a rate (they said it was the maximum their policy allowed) and payment 60 days from the month-end. They didn’t seem to want to take no for an answer, so eventually I said I’d work for them subject to a higher rate, payment in 30 days strict and advance payment if the total cost was above a certain threshold. To my surprise, they agreed. I’ve done a reasonable amount of work for them since, and they’ve been true to their agreement.


  7. Good system.

    Thanks for commenting.

    Could you maybe give us some details of your “chasing” procedure?


    • My chasing “procedure” is that I email and politely point that I have noticed that I don’t seem to have been paid. They usually pay within a day or so. In fact, I only remember one occasion in eight years when a client kept stalling. After a while (I think it was several weeks), I sent them a fax with some legal wording I found somewhere, informing them that further action would be taken if payment was it made forthwith. Lo and behold, they emailed an hour or so later confirming that the bank had been instructed to make payment.


  8. Good for you.

    My worst chasing episode was with an agency in Belgium about ten years ago. They paid me on time for a while, but after that, they simply did not pay about three thousand five hundred dollars for 2 long Japanese patents. I tried to chase them for about three months, by e-mails and by phone, but in the end they declared bankruptcy.

    I received at least half a dozen letters from their bankruptcy lawyer, her name was Vivian.

    I understood the first letter because it was in French. After the first letter, Vivian started sending me letters in Flemish to make sure that I would not understand what’s in them.

    But I did understand after the second letter that based on the ethics of Vivian the bankruptcy lawyer, she would steal every penny of any money that might have still be left in the account.

    The moral of the story: Be careful, ’cause you never know when a client will go bankrupt on you!


  9. Good story Steve. Shame it cost you $3.5k to be able to tell it. The most I’ve ever been fleeced for is about €800… but that’s a story for another day.


  10. […] why you should consider it Austrian Interpreters’ and Translators’ Association turns 60 How Long Are Translators Willing To Wait To Get Paid? Successful app translation: It all starts with great code Why I Have a Minimum Charge in my Rate […]


  11. […] Many translators would say that they generally agree to a waiting period of 30, 45, or 60 or more days because these are the customary payment terms for translators these days. But the truth is, there is no such thing as customary payment terms when it comes to translation. How long a translator will…  […]


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: